ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.
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Thank You for Your Contribution! Translated by Berjak, Rafik. Babylonian mathematics Greek mathematics Indian mathematics. The period from the Arab invasion to the Saljuqs.
He was also an avid scholar of religions and studied several different ones objectively. American Federation of Astr. Al-Biruni’s and Gadamer’s “fusion of Horizons”.
His critical spirit, love of truth, and scientific approach were combined with a sense of toleration. Chorasmian, the original Iranian language of Chorasmia, is attested at two stages of its development. Besides being a challenging mathematical problem, determining the direction of Mecca is a religious requirement for the performance of the ordained five daily prayers in Islam.
Biruni also al-birun up with different hypotheses about heat and light. Astronomy in the medieval Islamic world. Besides astronomy, Al-Biruni had many contributions to physics, where he unified statistics and dynamics in the science of mechanics. Comments 25 Jul Retrieved 10 November This section’s use of external links may not follow Wikipedia’s policies or guidelines.
Al Biruni Stock Photos & Al Biruni Stock Images – Alamy
The book was not just a collection, however, with accurate input from Al-Biruni where he developed many new mathematical techniques to improve on the measurements from the previous astronomers. He was also an astrologer and is reputed to have astonished people by the accuracy of his predictions.
Born in the city of Kheva near “Ural” in A. In Ray, Himanshu Prabha. Pages with citations lacking titles CS1 Croatian-language sources hr CS1 French-language sources fr Articles with short description Articles with hCards Articles containing Persian-language text Articles containing Arabic-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from July CS1 errors: He did not seem to disprove any, but to understand them all and the common themes that flow through them.
He has also made considerable contribution to several aspects of physical and economic geography in this book.
In our time the word is pronounced Biruni or Beeroonie. An example of Al-Biruni’s analysis is his summary of why many Hindus hate Muslims. Journal of Near Eastern Studies. That the name was pronounced in this way in Central Asia about the author’s time, we learn from indisputable statement regarding our author from the pen of Alsam’ani, a philologist and biographer of high repute.
Geography and cartography in medieval Islam.
If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. He was born in the outer district of Kaththe capital of the Afrighid dynasty of Khwarezm now a part of Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan   or Chorasmia.
He is regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era and was well versed in physics, mathematics, astronomy, rajhan natural sciences, and also distinguished himself as a historian, chronologist and linguist.
His relatively minor works are only minor in size, for they are at least as sophisticated as his major works. Al Biruni was a great scientist.
Abu Arrayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni
His endorsement of astrology is limited, in so far as he condemns horary astrology  as ‘sorcery’. If is associated with an Alamy account you’ll receive an email with instructions on how to reset your password.
The dispassionate account of Hinduism given by Al-Biruni was remarkable for its time. InMahmud of Ghazni took Rey. He describes the educated as monotheistic, believing that God is one, eternal, and omnipotent and eschewing all forms of idol worship.
His book the Kitab-al-Jamahir deals with the properties of various precious stones. In the latter work, for example, is the most elaborate treatment of the Jewish calendar —more extensive than any surviving medieval Hebrew source and much more scientifically reasoned than any other treatment that this calendar had received up to that time. I shall not produce the arguments of our antagonists in order to refute such of them, as I believe to be in the wrong. During this time he wrote his study of India, finishing it around Due to an apparatus he constructed himself, he succeeded in determining the specific gravity of a certain number of metals and minerals with remarkable precision.
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ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI
Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. Biruni’s most important work was a major pharmacopoeiathe “Kitab al-saydala fi al-tibb” Book on the Pharmacopoeia of Medicinedescribing essentially all the medicines known in his time.
An imaginary rendition of Al Biruni on a Soviet post stamp. The inscriptions on the sword invoke Allah, the Prophet Muhammad, and ‘Ali.