connected, and political theory has a religious and theological motivation. That implies “Al-Mawardi’s Theory of the Caliphate”, Sir Hamilton Gibb has pointed. Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. /) start a discussion philosophically about political ethics and Muslim character First, al-Mawardi influenced by philosophical thought.
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The institute of Imamate is necessary as a requirement of the Shariah and not as a requirement of reason. This view is however, untenable on account of the fact that al-Mawardi is, truly speaking, not a philosopher, and is least interested in abstract thinking.
His character must be exemplary. His greatness lies in the fact that he received political opinions and traditions of the past and transformed them into a logical system. The Army Board 2.
The organization and prosecution of religious war against those who oppose Islam or refuse to enter the protection of the Islamic State as non-Muslim subjects. When all hd come, a public assembly was held where the Caliph delivered one of the most important addresses of his life. Al-Mawardi describes qualification for the office of the imam.
The maintenance of law and order in the country, to make it possible for the people to lead a peaceful life, and proceed to their economic activities freely and travel in the land without fear. Caliphin Islamic historythe ruler of the Muslim community. Secondly male according to Abu hanifa school of thought, a female may be appointed judge if she bears the required qualities. He was eventually appointed chief qadi of Baghdad, and subsequently was entrusted with various responsibilities on behalf of the Caliphate: No method has been proposed by means of which the will of the people may be ascertained, or the Imam may be expelled his office.
This office is of much importance. Al-Mawardi says that the election of a less qualified person in the presence of a more qualified person is perfectly legal provided the former fulfills all the conditions of the Imamate.
The Quran is very clear and definite about all fundamental problems for instance, about the articles of faith, the forms of religious worship, laws of matrimony and inheritance, distribution of booty of war, prohibition of interest, rights and obligations of husband and wife etc.
He was born in AD and died in AD. Except Ibn-e-Khaldoon, all the jurists, thrologists and political philosophers who have followed him, down to our own days, have hardly made any improvement upon his thoughts. Al-Mawardi says that the existing imam can nominate more than one Imam to succeed one another in turn.
Some authors make the claim that his family was Kurdish,  a claim which is unsubstantiated. But there is no denying the fact that the people resented the autocratic trends in the statecraft and stood for their basic rights. S his Wazir in order that his hands should be strengthened, then surely in the administration of the state it is allowable for the Imam to have a Wazir beside him.
He portrayed not only what exists but la what ought to exist. He wrote mostly on law and politics. Al-Mawardi did not elaborate a theory of rebellion and if he wanted to propound a theory, he could have found abundant sanction for it in early thought and practice. The existence of two Imams contemporaneously is illegal.
maawrdi Al-Mawardi says that Wazarat is of two kinds: He does not discuss the scope, jurisdiction, responsibilities and obligations of the state, gives no conception of sovereignty and seems to be completely ignorant of the idea of the constitution. Moreover, he assembled his ideas in writing; therefore his book Al-Ahkam at-Sultaniyah became a standard work of reference on political and administrative practices. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered.
The department of provincial control is to supervise fuctions of the provincial governments. A madardi finally cracked during the reign of Hazrat Ali R.
Muslim Political ThoughtAl-Mawardi – CSS Forums
Such a person is called imam or sovereign. The decline of the caliphate and rise of emirates. Minister delegation according to Al-Mawardi is a person in whom the imam has the fullest confidence; he is delegated theeory powers by the imam. These principles are as follows: When they founded the Fatimid Empire and later the Safawid Dynasty in Persia, they wiped out their political opponents with cruelty and butchery.
This method is also suitable because an imam is nominated keeping mawaddi view the determined qualities. His Ordinances of Government became an influential statement of Muslim political theory. So, also, an Imam cannot be deposed until a similar change occurs in him. Mawardi opines that, seven qualities are required for a person aspiring to this office and these are honesty, confidence, absence of greed, good relationship with the people, intelligence and the wisdom of grasping the truth of things, absence of luxury and amorousness, and lastly, diplomacy and experience.
Al-Mawardi is of the view when imam is one elected, he cannot be removed. The Imam may not consult them in the affairs of the State, yet they must obey him.