Gnetum africanum is an evergreen Climber growing to 12 m (39ft) by m (1ft 4in) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The plant is not self-fertile. Suitable . PDF | Gnetum africanum is a forest liana that grows abundantly in Central Africa, South America, and tropical and subtropical Asia. Its leaves. J Med Food. Nov;14(11) doi: /jmf Epub Aug Gnetum africanum: a wild food plant from the African forest with many.
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Shredded leaves can be dried and preserved for later use[ ]. It can also be found in riverine forest atricanum areas that are otherwise too dry for the species.
Specifically, it has been suggested that the vine could be africaanum as a complimentary crop for rubber and oil trees. Reporting Science in Africa. Preliminary observations indicate that 3 – 4 harvests per year are possible, gnegum allowing for substantial regrowth. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Gnetum Domestication for Livelihood Getum and Conservation.
The stem can help to ease childbirth. The current method of harvesting, especially for export trade, is to pull the stems or branches from trees. Gnetum africanum is a good source of protein and is strong in essential and non-essential amino acids. Gnetum africanum eru or African Jointfir is a vine gymnosperm species found natively throughout tropical Africa. Another major marketing centre is the Koilo Region in Congo.
However, since Gnetum africanum grows via rhizomes it is not labour-intensive, therefore allowing farmers to focus physical capital elsewhere. Right plant wrong place. American Journal of Botany Gnetum africanum occurs naturally in the humid forest zones from Nigeria to the Central African Republic and to Angola. It is used as a rope[ ], made into traps and nooses for catching game, gneyum into straps for porterage[ ].
Growing up from the base, the stems produce only small, gnettum leaves, and they grow rapidly towards the light. The mature seed is 15 – 15mm long, enclosed in a somewhat drupaceous orange-tinted envelope.
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The FAO has found that the vine is easier to reproduce by cutting seedlings rather than growing from seeds.
Gnetum africanum Eru, African Jointfir PFAF Plant Database
Gnetum africanum has been found to be negatively impacted if grown on or next to termite infected wood or trees. Fibre levels average approximately Cookies help us deliver our services. It is recommended that leaf afrivanum of cuttings be trimmed in half[ ]. Diversity found between accessions is considerable, offering scope for improvement of both quality and productivity. The stem of the plant may also be eaten for medicinal purposes, including the reduction of pain during childbirth.
Consequently, the content of micronutrients in the latter might be somewhat higher. However, the field trials might show that Gnetum buchholzianum is more difficult to cultivate than Gnetum africanum because the former gnetmu requires more shade than the latter. Africanm is eaten as a treatment against nausea and is considered antidotal against arrow-poison based on Parquetina nigrescens. Gnetum africanum Plant List: Gnetum africanum has numerous common names and is grown in various countries across Africa, including: To soften this rather tough vegetable, people often mix it with waterleaf Talinum triangulare Jacq.
Accessions need to be evaluated for their agronomic potential and for their ability to germinate without the need for interventions. The leaves are laxative and used in the treatment of constipation, enlarged spleen, sore throat, piles, high blood pressure, nausea,warts, and boils.
Afticanum has also been found that the levels of iodine are also high in the vine. The leaf is used in the treatment of enlarged spleen, sore throat, piles, high blood pressure and as a cathartic.
Current methods of harvest from wild stands are very destructive[ ]. Ectomycorrhizae assist the roots in absorption of nutrients; the most common species reported is Scleroderma sinnamarense. The leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. Africanumm leaves contain C-glycosylflavones, including 2″-xylosylisoswertisin and 2″-glucosylisoswertisin, compounds that are only known from these two species; characteristic of Gnetum africanum is the presence of 2″-O-rhamnoylisoswertisin and apigeninhesperidoside and the absence of vitexin and 2″-O-glycosylvitexin.
The 2 African species, which are very similar, have been classified in section Gnetumsubsection Micrognemones. The dry matter content of the fresh leaves is much higher than for other dark or medium green leaf vegetables. In Nigeria, eru is used for treatment of piles and high blood pressure and also as medicine against enlarged spleen, sore throat and as a purgative.
Its male catkins have slender internodes of equal width from the base to the gneetum. Diseases have not been found to reduce productivity of eru. Acricanum has been found in primary and secondary semi-deciduous humid forests, both in dense and sunny transitional savannah locations, ranging from sea-level to meter altitude. The plant is not self-fertile. The plant continues to grow during the dry season and new shoots may develop where the stem has been cut or where side shoots have been removed[ ].
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Preliminary observations indicate that 3—4 harvests per year are possible, still allowing for substantial regrowth.