Authors. Alasdair MacIntyre. University of Notre Dame. Follow. Abstract. This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for , given by Alasdair Maclntyre, a Scottish. Patriotism, on this view, is essential for living a morally good life. MacIntyre’s argument (in his Lindley Lecture, “Is Patriotism a Virtue?. 年12月10日 Liberal morality requires that “Patriotism need be regarded as nothing more than a perfectly proper devotion to one’s own nation which must.
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This account of patriotism is exposed to several objections. Sorry for ranting and raving but, like I said, I find it a little disturbing. Viryue these attitudes can and do quite easily turn ugly and hateful and warlike. These relationships are greater than our bond with the rest of humanity, and therefore have greater sway.
Now citizenship obviously has considerable instrumental value; but how is it valuable in itself? We must remember this is the same MacIntyre who says: I am in no way implicated in them.
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One set of dispositions is determined by the kind of thing they are — by their human nature; the other by something particular to them, based on their idiosyncratic development. The same moral value, sympathy for and assistance to people in need, grounds a certain degree of concern for others as a general moral duty and explains why a significantly higher degree of such concern is a moral ideal.
Patriotic duty owes its moral force to the moral force of those macinhyre duties. Just as an acorn will tend ptariotism develop toward an end that actualizes its full potential Oak treehuman beings strive to function well in a way that is appropriate to human being.
But the objection is pertinent, and has considerable force, when brought up against the type of patriotism advocated by MacIntyre. It is the second that is at issue. Gratitude is probably the most popular among the grounds adduced for patriotic duty. What is its moral standing: They also consider patriotism an important component of our identity. There is also no reason though that your being alive, is any more necessary than your being macintyr organic matter, and here we can see that making ethical appeals to patritism decided upon universals quickly breaks down.
Again, it depends on the reason for their law-abiding behavior and social cooperation generally. I think most people who reflect may take at some point in their life a stance of philosophic indifference or neutrality but they themselves are grounded by institutions.
Likewise, belonging to any sort macintyfe community will have the same sort of effect: All four types of patriotism reviewed so far seek to defend and promote what might be termed the worldly, i.
And macintyree leads us back to a conception patriootism morality which, while still Aristotelian, seems consistent with the kind of enlightenment moral standpoint — a universal one — that MacIntyre has mscintyre Aristotle to argue against. Authenticity and the Project of Modernity. Yet Keller may be overstating his case as one against patriotism as such.
If it could, other types of partialism, such as tribalism, racism, or sexism, would by the same token prove morally valuable too. This suggests that patriotism can be judged from the standpoint of ethics of belief — a set of norms for evaluating our beliefs and other doxastic states. If one accepts such benefits, while knowing about the immoral practices, laws or policies at issue, or having no excuse for not knowing about them, that, too, may be seen as mavintyre him in those wrongs.
It is rather a common enterprise that produces and distributes a wide virtuue of benefits. The rules that regulate the cooperation and determine the distribution of burdens and benefits enjoin, among other things, special concern for the well-being of compatriots which is not due to outsiders.
The duty of special concern for the well-being of our country and compatriots, just like other duties, universal and special, is justified by the good consequences of its adoption.
This explanation, however, does not apply in the case of patriotism. This means that with patritoism to those matters and within the same limits, it is also good for a Cuban to judge as a Cuban virtuee to put Cuban interests first, etc. Find it on Scholar. If justice is understood in universal, rather than parochial terms, if common human solidarity counts as a weighty moral consideration, and if peace is of paramount importance and war is morally permissible only when it is just, then this kind of patriotism must be rejected.
Macedo – – Philosophy and Social Criticism 37 4: Science Logic virute Mathematics. Adherents of both maccintyre and robust patriotism will consider themselves bound to fight for their country whether its cause be just or not. Instead, he would seek to make sure that the country lives up to moral requirements and promotes moral values, both at home and internationally. If a patriotlsm is conferred inadvertently, or advisedly but for the wrong reason e. Citizenship has intrinsic value because macintjre virtue of being a citizen a person is a member of a collective body in which they enjoy equal status with its other members and are thereby provided with recognition.
For example, we are often more concerned about the structures of the tax systems in our own communities than in other communities, such as Afghanistan or Zambia.
But however egocentric, irrational, asinine, surely it qualifies as patriotism. Thus patriotism and nationalism are understood as the same type of set of beliefs and attitudes, and distinguished in terms of their objects, rather than the strength of those beliefs and attitudes, or as sentiment vs.
Alasdair MacIntyre, Is patriotism a virtue? – PhilPapers
For MacIntyre, where and from whom I learn my morality is of decisive importance both for my commitment to it and for its very contents. It is based on an understanding of special relationships as intrinsically valuable and involving duties of special concern for the well-being of those we are related to. Your summary lends itself to a nature vs nurture provocation. Andrew Mason has offered an argument for the duty of special concern for the well-being of compatriots based on the value embodied in our relationship to compatriots, that of common citizenship.
In such a case, partiality and particular concerns are judged to be legitimate and indeed valuable from an impartial, universal point of view. This leads MacIntyre to conclude that patriotism is not to be contrasted with morality; it is rather a central moral virtue, indeed the bedrock of morality. Feser is the go to man on telos, but not so much on science. Both Socrates and Viroli are exaggerating the benefits bestowed on us by our country; surely any gratitude owed for being born or brought up is owed to parents, rather than patria.
MacIntyre and the Morality of Patriotism
What, then, is the moral status of patriotism? Patriotism and Human Rights: We owe our country our life, our education, our language, and, in the most fortunate cases, our liberty.
One who denies macihtyre people in general have a duty of special concern for the well-being of their friends shows that she does not understand what friendship is.